The Castle of La Suda, the walls and the fortifications have been chosen by popular vote as one of the 7 Treasures of the Cultural Heritage of Tortosa, in the context of the celebration Tortosa Capital of Catalan Culture in 2021.
The castle stands on the hill in the centre of the old town, overlooking and dominating all its historic buildings. Of enormous strategic importance, the fortifications and the views they offer of the town and its surrounding area are stunning. It is an unparalleled vantage point and a marvellous viewpoint over Tortosa.
Iberian and Roman remains have been found there. The Arabs fortified it in the time of Abd-al-Rahman III, and it was a royal residence from the time of King James I of Catalonia onwards. In general terms, its perimeter has remained the same, determined by the features of the terrain. Originally, square defensive towers seem to have alternated with sections of wall. Over the centuries the structure had to be adapted to meet new military demands, replacing battlements and towers with embrasures and parapets. In the 17th and 18th centuries, bastions were built at the north-eastern end.
Different structures were built inside the fortress: water tanks, sheds and the magazine. The large central well, or "suda", is the meeting point of numerous underground galleries with silos and ovens.
It was badly damaged during the Spanish Civil War and since 1972 has been a “Parador Nacional", a state-run hotel, which has involved large-scale restoration work. Walls, arches, the magazine, a room with trefoil windows, the courtyard and underground galleries survive from the old fortifications.